With pregnancy comes great hormonal changes that can trigger health problems like periodontal (gum) disease. Research has shown that periodontal bacteria can actually cross through the placental barrier, which is why it is so important that you maintain your dental cleanings as part of your prenatal dental care for both mommy and baby.
Why periodontal is a risk for pregnant women:
- Periodontal disease may be linked to pre-term delivery, low birth weight and low weight for gestational age. The greater the periodontal disease, the greater the potential risk.
- Periodontal disease may be associated with an increased risk for toxemia, a condition where there is an abrupt rise in blood pressure and the presence of toxins.
- Almost half of women with gestational diabetes also have periodontal disease.
- In patients with diabetes, periodontal disease during pregnancy may affect blood sugar control which make result in periodontal risks.
In its early stages, gum disease has no symptoms. However, gum disease typically consists of red, swollen or bleeding gums that can leave a bad taste in your mouth and cause bad breath. Protect yourself with regular dental care and through daily brushing and flossing.